1608 – Samuel Champlain, explorer and first governor of New France, founds Quebec
In the spring of 1608, Dugua wanted Champlain to start a new French colony on the shores of the St. Lawrence. Dugua equipped, at his own expense, a fleet of three ships with workers, that left the French port of Honfleur. The main ship, called the Don-de-Dieu (the Gift of God), was commanded by Champlain. Another ship, the Lévrier (the Hunt Dog), was commanded by his friend Du Pont. The small group of male settlers arrived at Tadoussac on the lower St. Lawrence in June. Because of the dangerous strength of the Saguenay River ending there, they left the ships and continued up the “Big River” in small boats bringing the men and the materials.
On July 3, 1608, Champlain landed at the “point of Quebec” and set about fortifying the area by the erection of three main wooden buildings, each two stories tall, that he collectively called the “Habitation“, with a wooden stockade and a moat 12 feet (4 m) wide surrounding them. This was the very beginning of Quebec City. Gardening, exploring, and fortifying this place became great passions of Champlain for the rest of his life.
In the 1620s, the Habitation at Quebec was mainly a store for the Compagnie des Marchands (Traders Company), and Champlain lived in the wooden Fort Saint Louis newly built up the hill (south from the present-day Château Frontenac Hotel), near the only two houses built by the two settler families (the ones of Louis Hébert and Guillaume Couillard, his son-in-law).
- Lake Champlain, Champlain Valley, the Champlain Trail Lakes.
- Champlain Sea: a past inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in North America, over the St. Lawrence, the Saguenay, and the Richelieu rivers, to over Lake Champlain, which inlet disappeared many thousands years before Champlain was born.
- Champlain Mountain, Acadia National Park – which he first observed in 1604.
- A town and village in New York, as well as a township in Ontario and a municipality in Quebec.
- The provincial electoral district of Champlain, Quebec, and several defunct electoral districts elsewhere in Canada.
- Samuel de Champlain Provincial Park, a provincial park in northern Ontario near the town of Mattawa.
- Champlain Bridge, which connects the island of Montreal to Brossard, Quebec across the St. Lawrence.
- Champlain Bridge, which connects the cities of Ottawa, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec.
- Champlain College, one of six colleges at Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario, is named in his honour.
- Fort Champlain, a dormitory at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario; named in his honour in 1965, it houses the 10th cadet squadron.
- A French school in Saint John, New Brunswick; École Champlain an elementary school in Moncton, New Brunswick,[unreliable source?] Champlain College, in Burlington, Vermont; and Champlain Regional College, a CEGEP with three campuses in Quebec.
- Marriott Château Champlain hotel, in Montreal.
- Streets named Champlain in numerous cities, including Quebec, Shawinigan, the city of Dieppe in the province of New Brunswick and no less than eleven communities in northwestern Vermont.
- A memorial statue on Cumberland Avenue in Plattsburgh, New York on the shores of Lake Champlain.
- A memorial statue in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada in Queen Square that commemorates his discovery of the Saint John River.
- A memorial statue in Isle La Motte, Vermont, on the shore of Lake Champlain.
- The lighthouse at Crown Point, New York features a statue of Champlain by Carl Augustus Heber.
- A commemorative stamp issue in May 2006 jointly by the United States Postal Service and Canada Post.
- A statue in Ticonderoga, New York, unveiled in 2009 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Champlain’s exploration of Lake Champlain.
- A statue in Orillia, Ontario at Couchiching Beach Park on Lake Couchiching.
- HMCS Champlain, (1919) a S class destroyer that served in the Royal Canadian Navy from 1928-1936.
- HMCS Champlain, a Canadian Forces Naval Reserve division based in Chicoutimi, Quebec since activation in 1985.
- Champlain Place, a shopping centre located in Dieppe, New Brunswick, Canada.[unre